Constitutional Law Review: Declaration of Principles and State Policies

Constitutional Law Review: Declaration of Principles and State Policies

Digging through my old review notes, I found some notes in Constitutional Law that might be worth salvaging. Since I feel like preserving some of these studies, I might as well post them here for everyone else to analyze as well.

Just a little disclaimer. It’s not a guarantee that they will not be asked just because the notes and cases are more than a decade old. References are included either as annotations or embedded links.

2006 Supreme Court Decisions on Political Law

Declaration of Principles and State Policies

The Secretary of National Defense wrote the Veterans Federation of the Philippines, which was created under Republic Act No. 2640, that it would be subjected to a management audit. The Veterans Federation of the Philippines filed a petition to prohibit the management audit on the ground that it is not a public office.

[HELD] The function of the Veterans Federation of the Philippines fall within the category of sovereign functions. The protection of the interests of veterans is not only meant to promote social justice but is also intended to reward patriotism. Although no budgetary appropriations have been released to the Veterans Federation of the Philippines, no less public is the use for its funds, as such is limited to the purposes of the Veterans Federation of the Philippines, which are sovereign functions.

Veterans Federation of the Philippines vs Reyes,
483 SCRA 526
Declaration of Principles and State Policies

The City of Paranaque assessed the Manila International Airport Authority for real property tax as operator of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport Complex, on the ground that it is a government-owned or controlled corporation. It is because it has no capital stock divided into shares.

[HELD] The Manila International Airport Authority is not a government-owned or controlled corporation. It is not organized as a stock or non-stock corporation. It is not a stock corporation, because it has no capital stock divided into shares. It is also not a non-stock corporation, because it has no members. It is a governmental instrumentality vested with corporate powers to perform its governmental functions. It is an agency vested with special functions, endowed with corporate powers, and enjoying operational autonomy. It performs government functions essential to the operation of an international airport. The City of Paranaque cannot tax it.

Manila International Airport Authority vs Court of Appeals,
495 SCRA 591
Declaration of Principles and State Policies

Ramiscal vs Sandiganbayan, 499 SCRA 375, and Alzaga vs Sandiganbayan, 505 SCRA 848, reiterated the ruling that the Armed Forces of the Philippines Retirement and Separation Benefits System is a government-owned and controlled corporation. (Jimenez, 2006)

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